Politics

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Gaining independence: 1980s

Gaining independence: 1980s Perestroika (restructuring of the Soviet political and economic system) started by Mikhail Gorbachev was more challenging in Belarus, when compared with other Soviet...read more ...

First democratic elections: 1990-1994

First democratic elections: 1990-1994The first alternative elections to the Parliament of Belarus (Supreme Soviet) were held in spring of 1990. The anticommunist forces achieved great success there. Despite...read more ...

Questions of identity

Questions of identity Belarus appeared on the map of Europe as an independent country in 1991 when the republics of the Soviet Union became independent following the dissolution of the...read more ...

Lukashenka`s rise to power

Lukashenka`s rise to power Democrat Shushkevich and post-communist Kebich proved to be helpless in addressing these growing problems. As a consequence, they became objects of total mass hatred....read more ...

Referenda

Referenda But this authoritative position was very soon met by powerful opposition. The Parliament consolidated in their desire to stop the dictatorship, the Constitutional...read more ...

Face-off between Lukashenka and Supreme Soviet

Face-off between Lukashenka and Supreme Soviet In spring of 1996, Alexander Lukashenko announced that Belarus was oriented towards further integration with Russia, and on April 2, 1996, Lukashenko and Boris Yeltsin...read more ...

Socio-economic stability in return for authoritarianism

Socio-economic stability in return for authoritarianism It has to be mentioned, though, that while building this authoritative regime, Alexander Lukashenko managed to stabilize economical situation in the country. He refused...read more ...

Return of the opposition (l999-2004)

Return of the opposition (l999-2004) The situation changed in early 1999, when Viktar Hanchar, the former teammate of Lukashenko who was fired from the position of head of the Central Election Committee,...read more ...

Presidential elections in 2006

Presidential elections in 2006 Close to the next presidential elections that were to be held in autumn of 2006, the opposition consolidated again. Democratic forces demonstrated that they were ready...read more ...

Presidential elections in 2010

Presidential elections in 2010 The third cadence of Alexander Lukashenko started with repressions, but then the authorities showed some interest in communicating with the West and agreed with moderate...read more ...

Political opposition today

Political opposition today The presidential elections of 2010 formed a new palette of political forces in the opposition spectrum. The majority of old parties, such as, for example, United Civil...read more ...

Parliamentary elections 2012

Parliamentary elections 2012The last parliamentary elections were held in Belarus on September 23rd 2012. The attitude and forms and methods of participating (or not participating) in these...read more ...

Constitution and legislation

Constitution and legislation Belarus’ system of government is based on the authoritarian style of the rule of President Alyaksandr Lukashenka. Belarus is not a democratic state based on the...read more ...

Strong Presidential Power

Strong Presidential PowerA strong presidential power in Belarus emerged as a result of the confrontation between the President and the Parliament. It was accompanied by the elimination of local...read more ...

Legislative Power

Legislative PowerIn 1990-1994, the former Belarusian Parliament, the Supreme Soviet, was the sole governor for Belarus: the deputies of the first Belarusian Parliament elected on a...read more ...

Executive Power

Executive Power The Belarusian Government, or the Council of Ministers, consists of the Prime Minister, his/her deputies, ministers heading the corresponding ministries and heads of the...read more ...

Judicial System

Judicial SystemAccording to the Constitution, judicial power in Belarus belongs to the courts. However, the severe interference of the President and executive power in the process of...read more ...